The Piedmont Triangle RLF Coalition Brownfield Revolving Loan Fund empowers communities in a 23-county area in North Carolina and Virginia to safely clean up and sustainably reuse brownfield sites. Funded with $1 million in grant funds from the EPA, loans and sub-grants are available to help communities overcome the environmental, legal, and fiscal challenges associated with cleaning up contaminated brownfield properties.
What is a brownfield site?
Any real property for which the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. This can mean a vacant textile mill or a former furniture factory with suspected or confirmed hazardous material on the site.
This is a question of eligibility per EPA criteria and site location. The geographic location must be within the three regional government areas comprising the Coalition:
- Piedmont Triad Regional Council, NC: Alamance; Caswell; Davidson; Davie; Forsyth; Guilford; Montgomery; Randolph; Rockingham; Stokes; Surry; and Yadkin counties including all municipalities.
- Triangle J Council of Governments, NC: Chatham; Durham; Johnston; Lee; Moore; Orange and Wake counties including all municipalities.
- West Piedmont Planning District, Va.: Franklin; Henry; Patrick; and Pittsylvania counties, including all towns as well as the cities of Danville and Martinsville.
The EPA defines a brownfield as: real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant (reference CERCLA § 101(39)). The Brownfields Law further defines the term to include a site that is, “contaminated by a controlled substance; contaminated by petroleum or a petroleum product excluded from the definition of ‘hazardous substance’; or mine-scarred land.”
For loans, a borrower can be an expanding business, local developer, national developer, nonprofit organization and public and quasi-public entities. The full range of applicant types and the specific regulation is in EPA’s FY23 FAQs document. In defining a nonprofit, the EPA follows the definition at 2 CFR § 200.1.
In general, the same definitions apply to subgrantees with an added stipulation that applicants must be the sole owner of the property that is the subject of a grant and would need to be a non-profit or public entity to receive a subgrant.
Two other eligibility restrictions apply as well:
- Borrowers and subgrantees are not eligible applicants if they are potentially liable for the contamination under CERCLA § 107.
- Any entity currently suspended, debarred from receiving federal funding, or otherwise declared ineligible cannot be a burrower.
A balance of $875,000 is immediately available for cleanup costs. The RLF Coalition anticipates using $750,000 of this balance for loans and $125,000 for subgrants. Loans are provided for a minimum amount of $35,000 up to a maximum of available RLF loan capital. RLF programs often match subgrant assistance with RLF loans or other capital on at least a 1:1 ratio to offer subgrants to as many projects as possible.
Keep in mind subgrantees will be executing a grant with required reporting, record keeping and program requirements.
In general, the interest rate will be less than or equal to the prime interest rate. Loan rates are anticipated to be between zero percent and the current market rate plus one hundred basis points.
The RLF Coalition’s Loan Committee will establish the rates per project, based on the ability of the burrower to support the debt service, and the overall risk of the project. The interest rate will be fixed for the term of the loan.
Yes. RLF borrowers and subgrant recipients must provide a minimum 20 percent local cost share. Local cost share expenses must qualify as eligible cleanup costs of the project and cannot include land value, ineligible construction, renovation or administration costs.
Borrowers and subgrant recipients may apply for a waiver of the cost share and such waiver may be granted by the RLF Coalition upon demonstration of hardship to the borrower and overriding public benefits that would result from the cleanup and redevelopment.
Depending on the complexity of the site and project, the process to review and approve a loan or subgrant application takes about 60-90 days.